Attendees and honored speakers made the discussion about 'Public-Private Cooperation in Cybersecurity Research Strategy Development across the Globe' a success. This side event of the Global Conference on Cyber Space (GCCS2015) was held April 17 2015 in the World Forum in The Hague. The main goal was to understand how international cooperation effectively may enhance national cybersecurity research, development and innovation strategies, and improve global cybersecurity. Given the global dimensions of cybersecurity and the challenges we face, cooperation among states and the private sector at a national and international level is a necessity.
In the Netherlands Public Private Partnerships (PPP) were, and still are, important in setting subsequent cybersecurity research agendas. Other countries may have chosen a similar or a different approach in priority setting and funding cybersecurity research. In this session we wanted to learn from each other, get an understanding of cybersecurity research policies and strategies in different countries and continents, and explore possibilities for (future) cooperation.
Dr. Dick Brandt, chairman of the PPP platform on security and privacy (IIP-VV) welcomed our guests from all over the world, speakers, excellencies, participants united around one big table. In his introduction Dick mentions he also is convinced that sharing insights internationally during sessions like this will have a positive effect on national policies and strategies, and may ultimately contribute to a more secure cyber environment. Speakers representing the United States of America, Brazil, Japan and The Netherlands/EU are invited to share their RD&I vision, others are encouraged to react.
United States of America
After the introduction dr. Douglas Maughan, Department of Homeland Security (DHS) presented the cybersecurity research strategy of DHS and the process of transitioning technology. He explained to what extent international R&D cooperation could help in improving the national and international cybersecurity level. Cybersecurity investments by DHS are roughly distributed in cybersecurity research done by universities (40%), by companies (50%) and by governmental agencies/labs (10%). Maughan is enthusiastic to get as many people around the table to discuss this subject as possible and states that collaboration works!
Dr. Douglas Maughan
Virgílio Almeida, Secretary for Information Technology Policies of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation (MCTI), explained the R&D strategy for cybersecurity and cyber defence in Brazil. He stated that having a secure online environment is vital. Strengthening Brazil’s cybersecurity is a national priority. His ministry works in close cooperation with the Ministry of Defence on cybersecurity R&D questions. In the last four years several multidisciplinary workshops were organised in Brazil to work out the cyber defence goals for the long term. Brazil and the EU work closely together in research on security and privacy. Both partnerships with large economic sectors like banking and telecom as well as collaboration with international research centers of universities working on cyber security are necessary. He also stresses the importance of technical sovereignty.
Mr. Virgílio Almeida
Experiences in Japan are different, but the motivation to cooperate internationally in PPP’s is the same. Ms. Mari Ichikawa, National center of Incident readiness and Strategy for Cybersecurity (NISC) sketched the situation in Japan, listed the issues in information security R&D and shared lessons learned in cybersecurity strategy on three different levels; the ability to detect and defend cyber-attacks, the establishment of technology protecting industrial control systems and the development for new services to utilize big data. Ms. Ichikawa showed a scheme for international collaboration both on governmental level as well as research level.
Ms. Mari Ichikawa
Mr. Michel van Leeuwen, Head of Cyber Security Policy, NCTV, Ministry of Security and Justice explains the role of the Dutch National Cyber Security Research Agenda (NCSRA) covering a part of the National cybersecurity strategy. He stressed the importance of cybersecurity education and announced that the successor of the current PPP platform on security and privacy will, apart from research, have a strong focus on cybersecurity education. Van Leeuwen is also excited about different opportunities to improve international cooperation in cybersecurity research, development and innovation.
Mr. Michel van Leeuwen and Dr. Dick Brandt
After the four presentations the Indian delegation made a firm statement formulated by the National Cyber Security Coordinator Gulshan Rai about export controls, engaging the private sector, civil centers of excellence and the need to learn and exchange more.
Mr. Gulshan Rai
Dick Brandt opens the broader discussions. Many questions were raised and discussed by participants representing several countries (Norway, Indonesia, Nepal, the UK, Belgium, Switzerland) and institutions (European Cibercrime Center -EC3, Technical University Delft) and several companies. Examples are: how to get knowledge into the broad society, engage as many international partners, avoiding deconflictions, i.e. working on the same research questions without knowing, fixing the last mile, from new knowledge into practical, innovative solutions, best practices like the Innovation Quarter, Oxford center of cybersecurity, continuity threats for government services and lessons learned, the value of PPP in pre competitive R&D, etc.
This side event is organised by the Dutch platform IIP-VV in cooperation with The Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (www.nwo.nl)